Cambridge: Caimbridge University Press.  miscellany Since the earth is a sphere, these eccentric forces can theoretically shift the crust (lithosphere) over the hypothetical syrupy magma layer (asthenosphere) – but only when they occur in the region of the poles and are large enough. Soon after publishing the full issue, the CIA classified his book for 50 years. Made with Love for Humanity, mountain ranges across the world have risen or fallen 3,000 to 8,000 meters. Drifting Continents and Shifting Theories. Rapid pole shift of the cataclysmic variety (on a timescale of years or less) would require a titanic change of the Earth's moments of inertia on a similarly outlandish timescale. Now, if the Earth's interior became hotter, this indeed would increase the rate of tectonic activity and therefore plate motion. Hapgood's crust displacement hypothesis was invoked in the awful movie 2012, which was plagued by insane explanations. Recent authors have claimed that change would take place in weeks or days, rather than thousands of years. The New Age community has embraced the earth crustal displacement theory. However, neither Hancock nor Hapgood ever cover this point. The bulk of core samples from Antarctica, however, show that there is “an abundance of evidence that demonstrates [...] that the Antarctica ice cap has been around for the last 2 million years or more [...] Ice core and other data from [sic] the Antarctica clearly show that it has been covered by an ice cap for the last 300,000 to 3 million or more years” (Heinrich, 1996, Fingerprints..). In 1889, Jules Verne imagined the possible consequences of artificial pole shift in his book "The Purchase of the North Pole". In the time it took you to read this paragraph, you've already had hundreds of trillions of neutrinos pass through you (50 trillion a second is the average). A Review. It traces its origins, however, to the concepts of continental drift and sea-floor spreading. ECD runs into problems particularly with regard to the second requirement. Brown also argued that accumulation of ice at the poles caused recurring tipping of the axis, identifying cycles of approximately seven millennia. This led Hapgood to hypothesize that the original source maps had been drawn by an advanced civilization thousands of years earlier, when, at the end of the last ice age, Antarctica was not completely glaciated. FADEN 4:07 5. (1996). In popular literature, many conjectures have been suggested involving very rapid polar shift. A phenomenon called true polar wander does in fact exist and has been demonstrated. Solemnity of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ (Corpus Christi), Eating raw foods can change your eye color, Voter Fraud and the 2020 US Presidential Election. Hancock writes: Supposedly, if Antarctica still had flowing rivers, then it could not have been completely covered by ice, and in that case, since we know it is now in a polar location where it is too cold for such rivers, it would make sense if it were previously located outside of a polar climate. Instead, as ice builds up on a landmass, that landmass is depressed an appropriate amount to carry the load. Recent studies by scientists in France and the USA seemed to indicate that the earth did indeed flip itself around 800 million years ago. In particular, Hapgood’s interpretations of the maps he used is suspect; most accepted evidence with respect to Antarctica contradicts Hancock and Hapgood; and Hancock’s claims about the northern hemisphere and the last ice age tend to be incorrect. The cataclysmic pole shift hypothesis is a fringe theory suggesting that there have been geologically rapid shifts in the relative positions of the modern-day geographic locations of the poles and the axis of rotation of the Earth, creating calamities such as floods and tectonic events. [11], Charles Hapgood is now perhaps the best remembered early proponent. The first is the age of the Antarctic ice sheet. Hapgood (1958) and Hancock’s (1995) evidence bears further scrutiny before it is accepted as fact. Our metaphor of the jig-saw puzzle for ECD also falls apart: not because of the ways in which plates interact, but because a jig-saw puzzle can only be moved easily in ways mentioned earlier if it is located on a table. A more dramatic view assumes more rapid changes, with dramatic alterations of geography and localized areas of destruction due to earthquakes and tsunamis. When an earthquake occurs on a fault plane… earth. Hapgood (like most geologists) did not accept continental drift. The earth's rotation acts on these unsymmetrically deposited masses, and produces centrifugal momentum that is transmited to the rigid crust of the earth. The earth’s rotation acts There would inevitably be massive volcanism (think 10,000 Krakatoas going off all at once) and tremendous earthquakes of unimaginable magnitude (Richter scale 12 and higher would not be unusual) all over the world. Atlantis: The Antediluvian World. Hapgood believed that this happened relatively recently and was what caused the continent Mu to disappear. There are many very glaring problems with these ideas, which many cranks seem to ignore when ranting about them. Pole shift hypotheses are not connected with plate tectonics, the well-accepted geological theory that the Earth's surface consists of solid plates which shift over a viscous, or semifluid asthenosphere; nor with continental drift, the corollary to plate tectonics which maintains that locations of the continents have moved slowly over the face of the Earth,[5] resulting in the gradual emerging and breakup of continents and oceans over hundreds of millions of years.[6]. Pole Shift forum at Worst of all, the former poles would wind up in temperate latitudes, remorselessly melting and flooding the whole world. He cited recent North Pole locations in Hudson Bay (60°N, 73°W), the Atlantic Ocean between Iceland and Norway (72°N, 10°E) and the Yukon (63°N, 135°W).

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