, Dry stored lotus seeds are sensitive to moisture and mold infestation; researchers continue to explore new ways to preserve fresh lotus seeds, for example radiation processing. یہاں دی گئی معلومات کو کسی بھی صحت سے متعلق مسئلہ یا بیماری کی تشخیص یا علاج کے بارے میں کسی ماہر کے مشورہ کے بغیر استعمال نہیں کیا جانا چاہئے۔ ہمیشہ کسی بھی طبی معائنے اور علاج کے لئے کسی تعلیم یافتہ ڈاکٹر کا مشورہ حاصل کریں. While some sprout immediately, and most are eaten by wildlife, the remaining seeds can remain dormant for an extensive period of time as the pond silts in and dries out. Lotus Notes, collaborative software, personal information manager and e-mail client now known as IBM Notes; Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet application; Lotus Supercenter, an Asian supermarket chain owned by the Charoen Pokphand Group; Tesco Lotus, a hypermarket chain in Thailand, formerly owned by Lotus Supercenter; Religion. The distinctive dried seed heads, which resemble the spouts of watering cans, are widely sold throughout the world for decorative purposes and for dried flower arranging. Krishan, Yuvrajmm, Tadikonda, Kalpana K., Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Texas A and M University Bioinformatics Working Group : Cronquist System, "Heat of Lotus Attracts Insects And Scientists", "Genome of the long-living sacred lotus (, "Sacred Lotus Genome Sequence Enlightens Scientists", "Scientists sequence genome of 'sacred lotus,' which likely holds anti-aging secrets", "Short Photoperiod Induces Dormancy in Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)", "Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
 Lotus root tea is consumed in Korea. When harvested in July, adlittorals have higher yields than deeper growing cultivars, but not necessarily when harvested in September. "Isolation and characterization of two O-methyltransferases involved in benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)." 139-147. The lotus flowers have many petals overlapping in a proportional pattern. After sun drying for two to three days, they are processed by mechanical tools to separate seed coats and embryos. , Rhizome lotus cultivars produce a higher yield of and higher quality rhizomes than that of seed or flower lotus cultivars. The root functions of lotus are carried out by rhizomes that fan out horizontally through the mud … Originating in Indian art, it followed Indian religions to East Asia in particular. Cultivars can be classified by harvest time or by the depth of rhizomes into these types: The main popular Nelumbo nucifera cultivars in China are Elian 1, Elian 4, Elian 5, 9217, Xin 1 and 00–01. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and aporphine. | Plants of the World Online", "Aquatic plants for domestic wastewater Treatment: Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) and Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata) systems", "Phytofiltration of water polluted with arsenic and heavy metals", "Ecological restoration using Trapa bispinosa and Nelumbo nucifera on eutrophic water body in Baizangdian Lake", "Thermal-stable proteins of fruit of long-living Sacred Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn var.  Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials.
Mukherjee PK. et al.  In the beginning of the summer period (from March until May in the northern hemisphere), a small part of rhizome with at least one eye is either planted in ponds or directly into a flooded field. , Lotus varieties have been classified according to their use into three types: rhizome lotus, seed lotus and flower lotus. All of this may seem less if you are unable to learn exact pronunciation of Lotus, so we have embedded mp3 … N. nucifera is able to assimilate a higher content of phosphorus than aquatic plants currently used for water remediation (such as water hyacinth). This system is applicable if the propagule (small piece of rhizome) can be planted early in the year. During flood conditions, sediments containing these seeds are broken open, and the dormant seeds rehydrate and begin a new lotus colony. Rice is then harvested in October.  Roger S. Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel, physiologists at the University of Adelaide in Australia, found that lotus flowers blooming in the Adelaide Botanic Gardens maintained a temperature of 30–35 °C (86–95 °F), even when the air temperature dropped to 10 °C (50 °F). Using polysaccharide-based edible coatings to maintain quality of fresh-cut Fuji apples.  In the growing season from April to September (northern hemisphere), the average daytime temperature needed is 23 to 27 °C (73 to 81 °F). Stands of lotus drop hundreds of thousands of seeds every year to the bottom of the pond. It is also used as a wrap for steaming rice and sticky rice and other steamed dishes in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as lo mai gai in Chinese cuisine or kao hor bai bua (Thai: ข้าวห่อใบบัว), fried rice wrapped in lotus leaf in Thai cuisine. "Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloids Biosynthesis in Sacred Lotus." Pre-mature (early) cultivars are harvested before the end of July, serotinous (late) cultivars from September on and mid-serotinous or mid-matutinal cultivars are in between these harvest times.  The results observed are impressive showing 96% of copper and 85% cadmium metals removed after a seven-day incubation period. , The rhizomes mature to a suitable stage for eating in approximately six to nine months. نسخہ اور آرڈر اپ لوڈ کریں۔ J Biol Chem 295(6): 1598-1612 doi:10.1074/jbc.RA119.011547. Hydrogen sulfide fumigation reduces enzymatic browning and therefore ensures rhizome quality. Average yield of these cultivars in China is 1.05–1.9 t/ha (0.5–0.8 tons/acre) of dry seeds and weight of thousand seeds between 1,020 to 1,800 g (36 to 63 oz). Adlittoral cultivars range from 10 to 20 cm (3.9 to 7.9 in) depth and are often pre-mature. , Rhizomes contain high amounts of starch (31.2%) without characteristic taste or odor. Nymphaeaceae).  In regions with low light levels in winter, the sacred lotus has a period of dormancy.
An individual lotus can live for over a thousand years and has the rare ability to revive into activity after stasis. It also assimilates nitrogen ("denitrification") and creates a habitat for bacterial growth in the water body. (Fam. , These days the perennial aquatic herb is gaining popularity because of its nutraceutical and historical importance It will be of economic value if the different parts of lotus can be developed as functional food.  There are also several indications that compounds of N. nucifera are used in drug fabrication in human health research for multiple purposes.. As early as the Han Dynasty, lotus seeds were already recorded as sweet, astringent, nourishing the heart and kidney in "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic".  Regarding production area in China, rhizome lotus has the largest area with 200,000 ha (490,000 acres), followed by seed lotus with 20,000 ha (49,000 acres).  The accumulation of heavy metals doesn't show morphological symptoms of metal toxicity; however, the rhizome quality for human consumption needs further study. Mod Food Sci Technol 29:1675–1679, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020 (, Menendez-Perdomo, I. M. and P. J. Facchini (2018).  In small scale production, they are harvested by hand using fork like tools. Flowers can be picked every two days during summer and every three days during the colder season.  In Asian art a lotus throne is a stylized lotus flower used as the seat or base for a figure. The rhizomes of lotus are consumed as a vegetable in Asian countries, extensively in China, Japan, and India: sold whole or in cut pieces, fresh, frozen, or canned.
, Lotus rhizomes and seeds and their processing by-products are widely consumed in Asia, Americas, and Oceania for high content of physiologically active substances. Lotus root is a moderate calorie root vegetable (100 g of root-stem provides about 74 calories) and is composed of several vitamins, minerals, and nutrients: 83.80% water, 0.11% fat, 1.56% reducing sugar, 0.41% sucrose, 2.70% crude protein, 9.25% starch, 0.80% fiber, 0.10% ash and 0.06% calcium. Researchers report that the lotus has the remarkable ability to regulate the temperature of its flowers to within a narrow range just as humans and other warmblooded animals do. जाने-माने डॉक्टरों द्वारा लिखे गए लेखों को पढ़ने के लिए myUpchar पर लॉगिन करें.
 Because of the special role in human health and richness in nutrients and bioactive substances, the Chinese Ministry of Health approved the use of N. nucifera as both "food and medicine". It is often colloquially called a water lily. The petals, leaves and rhizome can also all be eaten raw, but there is a risk of parasite transmission (e.g., Fasciolopsis buski): it is therefore recommended that they be cooked before eating. Nelumbo nucifera is the species of lotus sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists.
 Through rhizofiltration, heavy metals – including arsenic, copper and cadmium – can be removed efficiently from the water. Urdu Information Lab 935,252 views. Ind Drugs 1995; 32: 392–397. ", M.A.
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